Nuclear Blast

NUCLEAR BLAST

3 Factors for Protecting Oneself from Radiation

  1. Distance: An underground area such as a home or office building basement offers more protection.
  2. Shielding: The heavier and denser the materials between you and the fallout particles the better.
  3. Time: Fallout radiation loses its intensity fairly rapidly. After 2 weeks it has declined to about 1% of its initial radiation level, in which you will be able to leave the fallout shelter.

BEFORE A NUCLEAR BLAST

  • Home Emergency Preparedness Kit
  • Make an Emergency Plan.  Make sure to include emergency contact information.
  • Research if any public buildings in your community are designated fallout shelters.  If not, make a list of potential shelters near your home.

DURING A NUCLEAR BLAST

  • Listen and follow instructions of emergency response personnel.
  • Take cover as quickly as you can, below ground if possible.
  • Find the nearest building to avoid any radioactive material outside.
  • Expect to stay inside for at least 24 hours unless told otherwise by authorities.

IF YOU ARE CAUGHT OUTSIDE AND UNABLE TO GET INSIDE IMMEDIATELY

  • Do not look at the flash or fireball – it can blind you.
  • Take cover behind anything that might offer protection.
  • Lie flat on the ground and cover your head.
  • Take shelter as soon as you can.
  • Remove clothing to keep radioactive material from spreading.
  • Place contaminated clothing in plastic bag and seal or tie the bag.
  • Get clean as soon as possible; shower with lots of soap and water. Do not scrub or scratch the skin.
  • Wash your hair but DO NOT use conditioner because it will bind radioactive material to your hair.
  • Blow your nose and wipe your eyelids and eyelashes with a clean wet cloth. Gently wipe ears.
  • If you cannot shower, use a wipe or clean wet cloth to wipe your skin that was not covered by clothing.

AFTER A NUCLEAR BLAST

  • People in affected areas could be allowed to come out of shelter within a few days and evacuate to unaffected areas.
  • Those is areas with highest radiation levels may need to take shelter for up to a month.

 Tips courtesy of Ready.gov